Budgies: [Everything You Need To Know About Them]


Budgies, better known as parakeets in the United States, make the best pets. These birds are domesticated for human interaction. You can keep them in a cage and let them out as often as you like.

There are thousands if not millions of budgies living in domesticated habitats. If you are contemplating adopting a budgie or set of budgies, you need to be prepared for being an adoptive parent of such an interactive animal.

Below, a list of tips that will help you jump start your effort.


There are two main types of budgerigar. These include the English budgie and traditional budgerigar. The English budgie originates in Australia and has the same mixture of colors as the natural habitat budgie even though it is created the breeding process. This is a very popular budgie, especially in Australia where it housed in cages alone or with other budgies.

There are several subgroups of the English budgie – white- and yellow-based. The dark factors in this particular budgie vary from zero to two. Since the bird is created through man made breeding, the coloring varies from one bird to the next. There are 12 color variations of this budgie. This will be discussed a little further into the article.

Like all budgies, the traditional budgerigar is the only known species in the genus “Melopsittacus.” This type of budgie has the same coloring as the English budgie. It was bred in its own natural habitat, so it does not have color variations.

English budgie – Color Variations

The English budgie has a mixture of colorations, ranging from sky blue to white to lutino. All of the color variations are aesthetically pleasing. But, again most people have a preference in this category. Some color variations are very difficult to access when shopping at commercial pet shops. If you go through a licensed budgie breeder, your options will most likely not be as limited.

Cobalt – One Dark Factor

This is a popular color variation. It is a mixture of cobalt, white, purple, and black. Cobalt is a medium shade of blue. While it is a tad bit darker than light blue, you can get confused if you are not very careful.

Cobalt has one dark factor. So, it is slightly darker than the sky and light blues. These are beautiful birds that stick out in a flock of budgies.

Sky Blue – Zero Dark Factors

As mentioned above, the sky blue color variation is slightly lighter than cobalt. But, it is a beautiful color that is not as prominent as the darker blues. The lighter coloration gives more attention to the English budgie’s purple cheeks. The darker the coloring, the less prominent the purple cheeks.

The sky blue color variation is the lightest of all the other options. It is a pale blue with a mixture of black, white, and purple. What makes the sky blue English budgie stand out the most is their dark blue tail. This is the best way to differentiate between the sky blue and cobalt color variations.

If you are interested in adopting a sky blue English budgie and unsure about the color variation, just inspect the tail. It will be darker than the chest and rest of the body.

Mauve – Two Dark Factors

The mauve color variation can also be difficult to distinguish from the cobalt and sky blue. Fortunately, it will be the darkest of all the bluish color variations. Some people describe the mauve coloration as a mixture of gray and blue. If you look at it closely, it can also have a purplish tint, which makes this a highly sought out English budgie.

This color variation has two dark factors, which says it is slightly darker than the cobalt and a whole lot darker than the sky blue. The purple cheeks are not as noticeable in the mauve English budgie. The same thing can also be said about the tail, which again has a bluish tint.

You must be careful when shopping for a mauve English budgie because it is so similar to the cobalt and sky blue. The best way to differentiate between the three is to do a visual comparison.

If you are adopting a budgie from a commercial pet shop, there is a chance that the employees will not know the different color variations. In this case, you will need to conduct a visual comparison.

But, this will only be an option if the pet shop also has a sky blue and cobalt English budgie in stock.

Violet – Violet Gene

The violet English budgie stands out in a flock because of bold color variation. The violet coloration is bold and beautiful, making this one of the most popular English budgies to be created by manmade breeding processes.

The darkening gene is what gives the violet its dark hue. Like all the English budgies, the violet color variation has a mixture of white and black with purple cheeks.

Gray – All Shades

The gray budgie is very unique, as it is one-of-a-kind. Many people believe the gray tint may have one time been bluer than the current color. If you are looking for an English budgie that will stick out in a full cage.

Along with gray, a mixture of black and white cover the budgie’s body. It is crucial to note that the gray tint may vary from one budgie to another. For example, one budgie has a light gray coloration while another is a darker shade of gray. Regardless, gray is gray which looks great nonetheless.

White – White As Snow

The white English budgie is absolutely stunning from afar and near. The white is as bright as snow, making it even more delightful to look at. In most cases, the white budgie’s feathers are pure white with no additional colors.

Only on rare occasions will you find a white budgie with a mixture of colors. There may be a bluish tint around the nape and black patches on top of the head and halfway down the back.

Light Green – No Dark Factors

The light green variation is almost a replica of the traditional budgie with a mixture of colors. The green is slightly lighter than the traditional budgie. The lighter green has a lot to do with the missing dark factors.

The green shade, on the other hand, is a byproduct of the yellow and blue factors that form the color green.

With selective breeding, it has been possible to lighten and darken the traditional green. So, you will soon see there are several variations of the green coloration.

Albino – Pure As Snow

It is important to note that the English budgie is available in both shite and albino color variations. The major difference in these two budgies is the albino does not have a mixture of colors.

Only an expert would be able to determine the difference. With this said, if you look at the eyes very closely, you will see that the eyelids are pink in color. This tells you that the budgie is an albino.

The white budgie’s eyelids are generally white or light gray. Once you figure this out, you will be able to distinguish between the two without any further issues.

Dark Green – One Dark Factor

Unlike the light green color variation, the dark green color variation has a single dark factor. This allows for a darker shade of green, which many people find more appealing than the light green. Again, the color variations are more about preferences than about the budgie itself.

The body is dark green while the wings are a mixture of yellow, green, and black. The face is a bright yellow with cobalt cheeks.

Olive – Two Dark Factors

The olive color variation is what its name implies. It is a mixture of yellow and blue, which equals green. In this case, the shade is closer to a greenish-yellow than the traditional green. The face is generally yellow with black spots

The olive budgie tends to have more splotches than the light and dark budgies.

Yellow – Like A Lemon

The yellow English budgie is similar to the albino, as it does not have a mixture of colors. It is like a pure yellow without the purple cheeks and black splotches. However, the cheeks may have a hint of white which is barely noticeable.

Gray-Green – More Like A Yellowish-green

The gray-green color variation is more like a yellowish-green. If you look at the features very closely, you will see a hint of gray sprinkled into the yellow. The face is bright yellow with bluish-gray cheeks.

The gray-green coloring may have splotches of black. Instead of having a blue tail, the gray-green budgie has a black tail.

Budgies In The Wild

Budgies are prey to larger animals, like coyotes, raccoons, weasels, opossums, foxes, and snakes. In the wild, budgies have a much harder time surviving. Staying clear of predators is the budgie’s biggest agenda.

The weather can also wreak havoc on the budgie’s way of life, especially during the winter season. The summer can also be difficult for these animals.

In the natural habitat, the budgie can fly from one place to another. In captivity, the budgie cannot fly because his wings have been clipped by a breeder. Just having the ability to fly can help keep the budgie safe from ground-floor predators.

Budgies generally breed in medium to large colonies. They build their nests on tree branches, in bushes, under bridges, on cliffs, in manmade birdhouses, and on the ground. The budgie must be aware of his surroundings all the time. Building nests at different heights help ensure they are safe from most predators.

The budgie breeding season begins in October and runs through March. These birds also tend to breed following heavy rainfall. This is believed to be related to the budgie’s favorite food source, which is more readily available after it stops raining.

Budgies As Pets


There are many benefits to having a pet budgie. One of the main benefits is companionship. While most people think of dogs and cats when talking about pets, the budgie can also make a great companion. Several studies have revealed that pet birds and humans can bond just like human relationships. These relationships are believed to “contribute to health.”

It may be difficult to believe but it is possible to interact with a budgie. While the budgie cannot carry on a conversation with humans, it can chatter up a storm. If you are not sensitive to continuous noise, you may find these chatterboxes very enjoyable.

Besides talking, you can interact with the budgie while it is perched on your finger. It is perfectly okay to touch the budgie. You can rub its feathers or head to show affection. Budgies are very affectionate animals. They will nudge you with their head or beak to show affection.

Budgies are low-maintenance pets. They only require routine cage cleaning, fresh clean water, and food daily, and a lot of attention. The bird will also do a sing-a-long with you because they love all genres of music.

Like pros, having a budgie as a pet also has some downsides. One of the more notable downsides is the inability to travel. Once you bring your budgie home from the breeder or pet shop, it will probably never leave your home again.

Budgies do not make good travel companions. There are a few exceptions to this rule. One exception has something to do with the mode of travel or transport. What this basically means is it may be possible to take your budgie on vacation. Of course, this will depend on your type of transportation.

A budgie could acclimate to traveling in an RV very easily. This would allow the bird to keep his normal routine because he would be able to travel in his cage.

Budgies can be quite messy. They will pop open their seeds and scatter them everywhere inside and outside of their cage. You could spend hours vacuuming up seeds if you are not careful. To eliminate this issue, a birdcage skirt is a necessity. The skirt will cover the bottom fully and sides partially. This will help contain the mess inside the cage.

One of the first issues consumers face when shopping for a pet budgie is finding a reputable breeder. Many pet shops do carry some types of budgies but your options will most likely be limited. Your best option will be to purchase from a breeder. This is when the problems begin.

Bird breeders are few and far between. Pet shops are not accessible to every consumer, especially those living in rural areas. Just because there is a pet shop in your neighborhood does not mean you have immediate access to the type of budgie you are looking for.

There are a few bird breeders on the World Wide Web. However, there are risks involved in purchasing from these breeders. One risk is getting a diseased budgie. Birds do carry diseases that can transmit to humans.

These diseases include histoplasmosis ( a respiratory disease), candidiasis, cryptococcosis, and St. Louis encephalitis.

To avoid these risks, you should only do business with a reputable breeder. Verify the breeder’s license and conduct thorough research. Reach out on social media platforms to alert others that you are looking for a reputable budgie breeder.

There are also risks involved in purchasing from a pet shop. In this case, there is the risk of getting a budgie that has not been properly tamed. Pet shops do not always have the staff to spend one-on-one time with the birds.

The animals sold in pet shops go through several processes before they are finally adopted. This can cause some confusion and stress, which could potentially cause the budgie to be aggressive.

Budgie Bird Care

As mentioned above, budgies are low-maintenance animals. They require little care but a whole lot of attention. The cage must be cleaned daily or every other day. Fresh clean water and food daily is a must. Budgies can easily adapt to new environments. A little love will go a long way in bonding with your new budgie.

The budgie’s nails also need to be trimmed regularly. You can utilize a small kitten or puppy clipper to cut your budgie’s nails. This may not be able simple as one may believe. It may take several weeks or months for the budgie to get comfortable with the clippers.

You must be cautious when purchasing a cage for your pet budgie or budgies. The cage must be roomy with minimal bar spacing.

[Related Article: Can Birds Eat Cheese]

How Long Do Budgies Live

In captivity, the budgie can live up to eight years. In the natural habitat, the budgie is lucky to make it past its one-year birthday. To maximize your budgie’s life, proper care, love, and attention are necessities.

A healthy diet and a clean environment can also go a long way in extending your budgie’s lifespan.

What Do Budgies Eat



Like bearded dragons, budgies can safely eat fresh fruits and vegetables. You can give these as a treat or meal but it is important that your budgie consumes grains and seeds regularly. You can purchase store-bought budgie feed as long as it contains the proper nutrients. If you have any questions about the diet, you can always consult with your veterinarian.

Fresh tap water is a must for your budgie. Staying hydrated is key to staying healthy, happy, and content.

Type Of Budgies

There are a total of 13 main types of budgies, all of which can be housed in domesticated settings. All types of budgies come in a variety of colors, although budgies in their natural habitats are mainly a mixture of green, yellow, and black. Many people have a color preference when it comes to these birds.

While some prefer the primary colors of blue and white, others like purple and white better. Color is more about preference than any other factor in this case.

Can Budgies Talk

One surprising thing about budgies is the fact that they can talk. Once you’ve kept one of these birds in your house for a few months, you’re going to hear it speaking. This is why a lot of people like keeping parakeets. They don’t want to be lonely so they’ll keep these animals in their homes.

Furthermore, it should be noted that budgies can develop vocabularies consisting of hundreds of words. They’re very intelligent. There is often a misconception that only male budgies speak but this isn’t the case. Both genders can speak.

Before trying to teach your bird to talk, it is pertinent to give him time. In general, you should wait three or four months before teaching your budgie to talk. If you’re having difficulty, it may have something to do with your gender. It seems that budgies learn quicker when working with women and children.

These people have a higher-pitched voice and that makes it easier for the bird.

You’ll have to listen quietly to hear your budgie’s first words. Their first words will be very quiet but they’ll get louder as they speak more often. Furthermore, you should take the time to reward your bird when it speaks or does something right. This is a good way to encourage him to do better. You can reward him with a piece of fruit or a spray millet.

Before trying to teach your bird to speak, it is wise to turn on relaxing music. This will help set the mood and get him or her into the learning mindset.

Parakeet Vs Budgie

What do you need to know about parakeet and budgie? Are there any differences between the two? Ultimately, there aren’t many differences at all. Both birds are the same. If you live in the United States, you likely know the animal as a parakeet but people elsewhere will call them budgies. Either way, the birds are the same. They make excellent pets so you should think about adding one to your home. Since they can talk, they’ll keep you company when you’re feeling lonely.

There are several species of parrot and most have long tail feathers. In America, the word parakeet is often used to describe the budgerigar.


While many people do not know it, the parakeet and the budgie are one and the same. While people in the United States call them parakeets, people elsewhere know them as budgies. So, there isn’t a difference between the two. If you have a parakeet, you’re also an owner of a budgie and vice versa. These birds are very interesting to watch and they make good pets.

People are surprised when they hear this bird talk and this is one of the main reasons people keep them as pets. If you’re looking to add a pet to your house, you may want to get a parakeet.

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